Eliminating acne during pregnancy and lactation

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Due to the increase in androgenic hormones that occurs mainly in the first three months of pregnancy, it is very common for acne to appear in pregnant women or for the acne they already have to become more pronounced. These hormones stimulate the secretion of sebaceous glands, which causes acne.

Many of the drugs we normally use for acne cannot be used during pregnancy and lactation due to the risk to the foetus and/or infant. There are ...

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Hair cosmetics: concepts and misconceptions

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To care for your hair properly it is important to find out which cosmetic products are suitable for you, taking into account the specific characteristics of each scalp, and which hair techniques are not harmful, and to clarify the deeply-rooted misconceptions of our society. Therefore, specific medical advice is essential.

In the case of a healthy scalp we use hair cosmetics. For an unhealthy scalp, it is necessary to use pharmacological active principles prescribed by a ...

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Alopecia areata, at the forefront of treatment

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Certain skin diseases have a great impact on the quality of life of the patients who suffer them, which tends to be underestimated or considered merely a cosmetic problem. Alopecia Areata (AA) is a typical example, as it involves a great emotional burden and the possibility of low self-esteem.

Key concepts of Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is one of the most common autoimmune diseases, characterized by chronic, recurrent, asymptomatic hair loss, which can be in patches ...

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Lichen, a dermatosis with many ‘faces’

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When a patient is diagnosed with lichen, the first thing they should be told is that this is not a contagious disease.

The term lichen also refers to a living being that develops in many habitats and in many different forms.

Lichen planus (LP) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease which, according to statistics, accounts for 0.2 to 1% of dermatological consultations. It is usually seen in the skin but may also affect the mucous membranes ...

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Hair loss: medical problem affecting the quality of life

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In our daily routine we see how many patients come to the clinic for hair loss, a problem that can greatly affect the quality of life of patients.

However, hair loss is sometimes regarded as a trivial or unimportant process by some doctors, who devote little time to the problem in their relationship with the patient, which negatively affects the perception of the staff by the patient, who, in addition to suffering from the problem, feels he ...

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To cure acne, see the dermatologist

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Although this statement may seem obvious, a recent study reminds us that people do not always go to the dermatologists to treat this condition. There is a high level of self-medication in acne. In a survey by the Health and Technology Department of the University of Singapore, over 90% of respondents said that this was the case.

In the case of young people aged 14 to 25, over 60% base their acne treatment on information found on ...

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Calluses on the soles of the feet

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Calluses on the soles of the feet are called plantar keratosis in medical terminology and should be distinguished from plantar warts in their diagnosis. Calluses on the soles of the feet are due to excessive friction or pressure on a bony prominence. Unlike plantar calluses, warts are not selectively located in the supporting areas.

Correction of plantar keratosis requires assessment of the anatomy of the foot, as there are different disorders that affect their appearance. Flat ...

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Balanitis xerotica obliterans

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Balanitis xerotica leads to the destruction of the foreskin, creating a white border around the glans. It may be accompanied by pain when urinating, painful erections and a burning sensation. Over time, the glans and surrounding skin suffer fibrosis, keratosis, acanthosis and finally atrophy, white scars also appearing on the glans.

Sexual relations are hindered by pain, blisters and bleeding. By a not very well-known mechanism, the disease can extend to the urinary meatus (opening ...

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Alopecia and laser treatment. Is it effective?

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In recent times we have seen an increase in patients who ask us about the effectiveness of lasers in treating hair loss, while some centres offer this service to treat alopecia as if it were the ultimate solution or “cure” for baldness. Making a review of the medical literature and assessing its scientific evidence, we can say that there is currently no laser treatment that has proven to be effective in treating hair loss.

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Cheek-filling with hyaluronic acid

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One of the areas in which skin aging is most pronounced is in the middle third of the face, the cheek area. Over time, the skin gradually loses firmness and elasticity, subcutaneous fat is lost and depressant muscle activity increases. At the same time, there is a loss of bone structure in the cheekbone area, leading to a collapse of the overlying skin and therefore a more limp and flattened appearance in this area.

During youth, ...

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Welcome from Pedro Jaén

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To this end, we have brought together the leading skin care specialists, from a multidisciplinary perspective, having renowned experts in both clinical and cosmetic dermatology, plastic and reconstructive surgery, nutrition, endocrinology, etc.

Following models of clinical excellence that have already proven to give optimum results, with maximum care quality, we introduce the model of organization by sub-field. In this way, we aim to offer the most up to date, innovative and specialized care individually for each patient.

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Treatment of acne in adult women

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Although acne is a condition that is associated with adolescence, which is the most common age of onset, it is a very common problem in adulthood, affecting 20% of the adult population over the age of 25, being much more common in women at these ages. It often develops in people who did not have acne in their youth, and sometimes the patients are women who have had it since adolescence.

This acne is more ...

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Can botox cause wrinkles?

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In recent years, botulinum toxin has become the most widely used technique in cosmetic dermatology worldwide, now being the ultimate cosmetic procedure.

In my experience, it is the cosmetic procedure with the highest level of patient satisfaction when performed by expert dermatologists. You can learn to “apply” botox in just a few weeks, but many years’ experience are required to treat each patient appropriately.

The procedure is difficult to standardize in terms of technique and dosage, ...

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What is the best treatment for varicose veins?

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This is a very common question at a Vascular Surgery clinic. In medicine, when there are several different treatments for the same condition it is because none of them is perfect. Varicose veins are no exception to this maxim.

Even so, I believe the answer to this question is not so difficult, since the scientific community in general acknowledges that the best treatment is the right combination of available techniques.

Indeed, varicose veins have a highly ...

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Genital Warts or Condylomata

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They are the cutaneous manifestation of a viral infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).

HPV infection is the most prevalent STI.

There are over 100 different types of human papillomavirus (HPV) and over 40 of these can affect the genital area. Some of these types are particularly dangerous, such as HPV 16 and 18, with oncogenic potential, i.e. able to induce cervical cancer in women. They are also related to other less common cancers such ...

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Myths about alopecia

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Hair loss is a very serious problem for some patients. Depending on the type of alopecia, it is possible to administer medical treatment that in most cases is very effective.

Alopecia comprises a large group of diseases that need to be assessed by a dermatologist in order to make a specific diagnosis and be able to offer the best treatment available.

As we can see, hair loss is often seen as ...

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Nevus affecting the face

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One of the situations that often occurs when a patient comes to have their “moles” checked is that they ask whether or not it is a good idea to remove the ugly lump or “wart” from their face. I am referring to these lumps that were drawn on the nose of the wicked witch in Snow White but which also adorn the lips of beautiful women like Cindy Crawford.

They gave her an idea which she associated with risk and she ...

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Externally applied corticosteroids in the treatment of atopic dermatitis

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There is no need to fear the use of externally applied corticosteroids in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. The fear of many parents of children with dermatitis to apply the corticosteroid cream prescribed by the dermatologist is a very common problem in dermatology.

Corticosteroids have a bad reputation and parents come to the clinic with all kinds of fears, which are often unfounded. These fears lead them to delay the use of the cream when their child ...

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